Gender-Related Biomechanical Properties of Masseter Muscle among Patients with Self-Assessment of Bruxism: A Comparative Study
Authors: Malgorzata Galczynska-Rusin, Malgorzata Pobudek-Radzikowska, Krzysztof Gawriolek, Agata Czajka-Jakubowska
Affiliations: Department of Orthodontics and Temporomandibular Disorders, University of Medical Sciences, 60-812 Poznan, Poland
Journal: Journal of Clinical Medicine - February 2022, Volume 11, Issue 3, Article No. 845 (DOI: 10.3390/jcm11030845)
Field & Applications:
- Musculoskeletal disorder
- Temporomandibular disorder
- Orofacial muscles
It seems extremely important to know the biomechanical properties of the orofacial tissues among patients with increased activity of masticatory muscles, such as bruxism. The aim of this study was to evaluate biomechanical properties of the masseter muscle by using MyotonPRO in adults with probable bruxism and to define gender relations.
This study was conducted in the Temporomandibular Disorders Department at Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland (June 2021–November 2021) among patients that reported bruxism symptoms. The patients underwent a clinical examination, then the biomechanical properties of the masseter muscles were assessed. The MyotonPro measured masseter tone, stiffness and elasticity in 36 patients with a self-assessment of bruxism (18 women and 18 men). Data were collected from relaxed and contracted muscles.
In relaxed masseter muscles there were no statistically significant differences between the sexes in muscle tone, stiffness and elasticity. During contraction significant differences were found between the sexes in the tension and the stiffness of the masseter muscles. Moreover, women often experienced headaches in the temporal region and pain in the masseter muscles during palpation.
Among patients with a self-assessment of bruxism, accompanying pain was significantly more frequent in women. Male gender was associated with increased muscle tension and stiffness of the contracted masseter muscle.
Keywords: bruxism, muscle tone, muscle stiffness, muscle elasticity, masseter muscle
Among patients with a self-assessment of bruxism, accompanying pain was significantly more frequent in women. There was no difference between the sexes during muscle relaxation. Male gender was associated with increased muscle tension and stiffness of contracted masseter muscle.