Technology

MyotonPRO Digital Palpation Device

MyotonPRO offers non-invasive, reliable and accurate solution for digital palpation of soft biological tissues. The device measures of superficial skeletal muscles, tendons, ligaments, adipose tissues and skin.

MyotonPRO is a hand-held, smartphone-size, quick and easy to use. Scientific research has proven its practicality and usefulness.

Current MyotonPRO model is designed for research use only.

Method of measurement

Inspired by nature, Myoton uses a very similar “tap and listen” method, which by wildlife evolved to perfection as a key technique for locating food, navigation, or communication.

Therefore, the method of measurement manifested in the Myoton device can be called as Mechanical Dynamic Response method. 

The method consists of mechanical precision impulse, recording back dynamic tissue response in the form of physical displacement and oscillation acceleration signal, and subsequent computation of parameters characterizing the State of Tension, Biomechanical and Viscoelastic properties.

 

Five parameters for science

To build up a strong scientific background, Myoton encourages researchers to analyze all five parameters for reliability and validity.

Acceleration Time max a max a 1 a 3 t 1 t R t 1 t T

Oscillation Frequency [Hz] characterizes the intrinsic tension of biological soft tissues on the cellular level.

Oscillation Frequency characterizes the tone of superficial skeletal muscles in their passive or resting state without voluntary contraction (EMG signal silent).

The Oscillation Frequency of a muscle in its contracted state characterizes state of tension.

 

Dynamic Stiffness [N/m] characterizes the resistance of biological soft tissues to a force of deformation.

The term Dynamic Stiffness originates from the dynamic measurement method applied in Myoton technology. The inverse of stiffness is compliance.

Logarithmic Decrement characterizes the dampening of tissue oscillation.

The faster the tissue oscillation fades, the higher the dissipation of mechanical energy induced by the measurement impulse.

The decrement of tissues’ natural oscillation inversely describes elasticity.

Elasticity is the biomechanical property of soft tissues that characterizes the ability to recover its initial shape from being deformed.

The higher the decrement, the lower the elasticity. In theory, a decrement of zero (0) represents absolute elasticity (absence of dampening). The inverse of elasticity is plasticity.

Mechanical Stress Relaxation Time [ms] Characterizes tissue’s recovery time from displacement.

The higher a tissue’s tension or stiffness, the faster a tissue recovers its shape, meaning the lower the value.

Ratio of Relaxation and Deformation time characterizes creep, the gradual elongation of tissue over time when placed under constant tensile stress.

The higher a tissue’s tension, structural integrity, or stiffness, the higher its resistance to creep, meaning the lower the value. 

What can be measured?

Limitations

Myoton technology in a standard configuration cannot be used for the measurement of:

  • Muscle groups, as its intended for single muscles
  • Thin Muscles (< 3mm)
  • Muscles with small mass (< 20 g)
  • Un-palpable muscles
  • Deep muscles located under layers of other tissues
  • Muscles covered by subcutaneous fat (>20mm)
  • Tissues that are not categorised as soft biological tissue
See possible applications