Effectiveness of a Multicomponent Training Program on Physical Performance and Muscle Quality in Older Adults: A Quasi-Experimental Study
Authors: Noe Labata-Lezaun 1, 2, Max Canet-Vintro 1, 2, Carlos Lopez-de-Celis 1, 2, 3, Jacobo Rodriguez-Sanz 1, 2, Ramon Aiguade 4, Leonor Cuadra-Llopart 5, Esther Jovell-Fernandez 6, Joan Bosch 1, Albert Perez-Bellmunt 1, 2
- Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat International de Catalunya, 08195 Barcelona, Spain
- ACTIUM Functional Anatomy Group, 08195 Barcelona, Spain
- Fundacio Institut Universitari per a la Recerca a l’Atencio Primaria de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), 08007 Barcelona, Spain
- Nursing and Physiotherapy Department, Universitat de Lleida, 25198 Lleida, Spain
- Department of Geriatric Medicine, Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa, 08227 Terrassa, Spain
- Department of Epidemiology, Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa, 08227 Terrassa, Spain
Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 2023, Volume 20, Issue 1, Article no. 222 (DOI: 10.3390/ijerph20010222)
Field & Applications:
- Gerontology / Ageing
- Musculoskeletal health
- Muscle development / Performance
Aging is associated with a decrease in functional capacity, manifested by a loss of strength, physical performance and muscle quality. Multicomponent training (MCT), characterized by the combination of at least three types of training, could be a good strategy to counteract these changes.
To date there are no studies evaluating the effectiveness of MCT in improving both physical performance and muscle quality simultaneously. The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes produced by an MCT program on both physical performance and muscle quality in a population of healthy older adults.
Sixteen healthy older adults were recruited to perform a 15-session multicomponent training intervention. Physical performance was assessed by different functional tests, and muscle quality was assessed by tensiomyography and myotonometry.
The main results of this study show some improvement in functional tests, but not in muscle quality parameters, except for vastus lateralis stiffness.
MCT is able to generate improvements in the physical performance of older adults, but these improvements are not reflected in muscle quality parameters measured by tensiomyography and myotonometry.
Keywords: elderly, muscle quality, physical functional performance, multicomponent training
MCT is able to generate improvements in the physical performance of older adults, but these improvements are not reflected in muscle quality parameters measured by tensiomyography and myotonometry. Intervention studies are needed with larger populations and control groups, as well as a lower level of functional capacity, in order to perform high intensity training.